Mangosteen

Mangosteen, a seasonal fruit known to be the queen of fruits in Southeast Asia, is a round brownish-purple skinned fruit that has essential medicinal properties with the primary active component known as Xanthones ,  which only few has had the opportunity to discover. It has long been used for traditional medicine as far back as before the 18th century, but only recently in modern times has science proved the validity of its benefits.

Xanthones are similar to bioflavanoids, nature’s biological response modifiers to compounds such as allergens, viruses, and carcinogens among others. It is a powerful antioxidant to protect the body from oxidative and free radical damage. But these compounds appear to be rare in nature. About two hundred natural xanthones have so far been already identified, and around forty of which have been found to be present in mangosteen fruit.

The fruit meat is a triangular fleshy segments of about 4 to 10 counts and is white, soft, and  juicy. It has a unique delectable taste that is very low in caloric count (63cal/100g), with no saturated fats or cholesterol.

 

 Health Benefits

The strong antioxidant properties contained in a mangosteen fruit effectively fights free radicals in the body. It aids in strengthening the immune system, promotes joint and cartilage functions, builds up a strong respiratory system and promotes an overall healthy well-being.

Further studies revealed the other uses and benefits of mangosteen to be anti-tumor/ anti-cancer, anti-inflamatory, effective in prevention & treatment of infections including lowering of high body temperature, treats diarrhoea, cystitis, eczema, gleet & gonorrhoea, fights against human breast adenocarcinoma cell line, has active anti-micro bacterial activity & prevents or slows down histamine release.

 

 

Nutritional Value per 100g

Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 63 Kcal 3%
Carbohydrates 15.6 g 12%
Protein 0.50 g 1%
Total Fat 0.4 g 2%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 5.10 g 13%
Vitamins
Folates 31 µg 8%
Niacin 0.286 mg 2%
Pantothenic acid 0.032 mg <1%
Pyridoxine 0.041 mg 3%
Riboflavin 0.054 mg 4%
Thiamin 0.054 mg 4.5%
Vitamin A 35 IU 1%
Vitamin C 7.2 mg 12%
Electrolytes
Sodium 7 mg 0.5%
Potassium 48 mg 1%
Minerals
Calcium 5.49 mg 0.5%
Copper 0.069 mg 7%
Iron 0.17 mg 2%
Magnesium 13.9 mg 3.5%
Manganese 0.10 mg 4%
Phosphorus 9.21 mg 1%
Zinc 0.12 mg 1%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-α 1 µg
Carotene-ß 16 µg
Cryptoxanthin-ß 9 µg

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

More sources:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3237908/

http://www.stylecraze.com/articles/amazing-health-benefits-of-mangosteen/



 

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